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Test Code HELIS Helicobacter pylori Culture with Antimicrobial Susceptibilities, Varies


Shipping Instructions


Specimen must be received in laboratory within 48 hours of collection. Specimen should be collected and packaged as close to shipping time as possible.



Necessary Information


Specimen source is required; include the specific anatomic source.



Specimen Required


Preferred:

Specimen Type: Fresh tissue or biopsy

Sources: Gastric

Container/Tube: Sterile container

Specimen Volume: 0.5 x 0.2 x 0.2-cm sized piece of tissue

Collection Instructions: Acquire biopsied tissue; moisten with sterile saline

 

Acceptable:

Specimen Type: Fluid

Sources: Gastric brushings, gastric aspirate

Container/Tube: Sterile container

Specimen Volume: Entire collection or 0.5 mL

 

Specimen Type: Fresh tissue or biopsy

Sources: Duodenum

Container/Tube: Sterile container

Specimen Volume: 0.5 x 0.2 x 0.2-cm sized piece of tissue

Collection Instructions: Acquire biopsied tissue; moisten with sterile saline


Forms

If not ordering electronically, complete, print, and send 1 of the following forms with the specimen:

-Microbiology Test Request (T244)

-Gastroenterology and Hepatology Client Test Request (T728)

Useful For

Recovery of Helicobacter pylori from gastric specimens for antimicrobial susceptibility testing of the organism (amoxicillin, clarithromycin, levofloxacin, metronidazole, rifampin, and tetracycline are routinely tested)

Reflex Tests

Test ID Reporting Name Available Separately Always Performed
GID Bacteria Identification No, (Bill Only) No
ISAE Aerobe Ident by Sequencing No, (Bill Only) No
TISSR Tissue Processing No, (BIll Only) No
MIC Susceptibility, MIC No, (Bill Only) No
SUS Susceptibility No, (Bill Only) No
HPCR1 H pylori + Clarithro Resistance PCR No, (Bill Only) No

Testing Algorithm

When this test is ordered, the reflex tests may be performed at an additional charge.

 

When Helicobacter pylori is isolated, identification will be confirmed, and susceptibility testing performed. The routine susceptibility panel includes amoxicillin, clarithromycin, levofloxacin, metronidazole, rifampin, and tetracycline.

 

In the event that an isolate of Helicobacter pylori does not grow for susceptibility testing, reflex testing for H pylori with clarithromycin resistance prediction may be added.

 

For test utilization options, see Helicobacter pylori Diagnostic Algorithm

Method Name

Conventional Culture Technique with Minimal Inhibitory Concentration (MIC) (Agar Dilution or Broth Microdilution or Gradient Diffusion) or Disk Diffusion (if appropriate)

Reporting Name

Helicobacter pylori Culture + Susc

Specimen Type

Varies

Specimen Minimum Volume

See Specimen Required

Specimen Stability Information

Specimen Type Temperature Time Special Container
Varies Refrigerated 48 hours

Reject Due To

Biopsy submitted in fluid other than sterile saline Reject

Reference Values

No growth after 7 days

 

Susceptibility results are reported as minimal inhibitory concentration (MIC) in mcg/mL. Breakpoints (also known as "clinical breakpoints") are used to categorize an organism as susceptible, susceptible-dose dependent, intermediate, resistant, or nonsusceptible according to breakpoint setting organizations, either the Clinical and Laboratory Standards Institute (CLSI) or the European Committee on Antimicrobial Susceptibility Testing (EUCAST), as applicable.

 

In some instances, an interpretive category cannot be provided based on available data and the following comment will be included: "There are no established interpretive guidelines for agents reported without interpretations."

 

Clinical and Laboratory Standards Institute (CLSI) Interpretive Category Definitions:

Susceptible:

A category defined by a breakpoint that implies that isolates with an MIC at or below or a zone diameter at or above the susceptible breakpoint are inhibited by the usually achievable concentrations of antimicrobial agent when the dosage recommended to treat the site of infection is used, resulting in likely clinical efficacy.

 

Susceptible-Dose Dependent:

A category defined by a breakpoint that implies that susceptibility of an isolate depends on the dosing regimen that is used in the patient. To achieve levels that are likely to be clinically effective against isolates for which the susceptibility testing results (either MICs or zone diameters) are in the susceptible-dose dependent (SDD) category, it is necessary to use a dosing regimen (ie, higher doses, more frequent doses, or both) that results in higher drug exposure than that achieved with the dose that was used to establish the susceptible breakpoint. Consideration should be given to the maximum literature-supported dosage regimens because higher exposure gives the highest probability of adequate coverage of a SDD isolate. The drug label should be consulted for recommended doses and adjustment for organ function.

 

Intermediate:

A category defined by a breakpoint that includes isolates with MICs or zone diameters within the intermediate range that approach usually attainable blood and tissue levels and/or for which response rates may be lower than for susceptible isolates.

Note: The intermediate category implies clinical efficacy in body sites where the drugs are physiologically concentrated or when a higher-than-normal dosage of a drug can be used. This category also includes a buffer zone, which should prevent small, uncontrolled, technical factors from causing major discrepancies in interpretations, especially for drugs with narrow pharmacotoxicity margins.

 

Resistant:

A category defined by a breakpoint that implies that isolates with an MIC at or above or a zone diameter at or below the resistant breakpoint are not inhibited by the usually achievable concentrations of the agent with normal dosage schedules and/or that demonstrate MICs or zone diameters that fall in the range in which specific microbial resistance mechanisms are likely, and clinical efficacy of the agent against the isolate has not been reliably shown in treatment studies.

 

Nonsusceptible:

A category used for isolates for which only a susceptible breakpoint is designated because of the absence or rare occurrence of resistant strains. Isolates for which the antimicrobial agent MICs are above or the zone diameters are below the value indicated for the susceptible breakpoint should be reported as nonsusceptible.

Note: An isolate that is interpreted as nonsusceptible does not necessarily mean that the isolate has a resistance mechanism. It is possible that isolates with MICs above the susceptible breakpoint that lack resistance mechanisms may be encountered within the wild-type distribution after the time the susceptible-only breakpoint was set.

 

Epidemiological Cutoff Value:

The MIC that separates microbial populations into those with and without phenotypically detectable resistance (non-wild-type or wild-type, respectively). The epidemiological cutoff value (ECV) defines the highest MIC for the wild type population of isolates. ECVs are based on in vitro data only, using MIC distributions. ECVs are not clinical breakpoints, and the clinical relevance of ECVs for a particular patient has not yet been identified or approved by CLSI or any regulatory agency.

 

When an ECV is reported, an interpretive category is not assigned, and the following comment will be included: "This MIC is consistent with the Epidemiological Cutoff Value (ECV) observed in isolates (WITH/WITHOUT) acquired resistance; however, correlation with treatment outcome is unknown."

 

Wildtype (WT): An interpretive category defined by an ECV that describes the microbial population with no phenotypically detectable mechanisms of resistance or reduced susceptibility for an antimicrobial agent being evaluated.

 

Non-wildtype (NWT): An interpretive category defined by an ECV that describes the microbial population with phenotypically detectable mechanisms of resistance or reduced susceptibility for the antimicrobial agent being evaluated.

Note: MIC values for which ECV's are defined are not to be interpreted or reported as susceptible, intermediate, or resistant but rather as WT or NWT. The ECV's should not be used as clinical breakpoints.(Clinical and Laboratory Standards Institute [CLSI]: Performance Standards for Antimicrobial Susceptibility Testing. 31st ed. CLSI supplement M100. CLSI; 2021:4-6, 268-269)

 

European Committee on Antimicrobial Susceptibility Testing (EUCAST) Interpretive Category Definitions:

S - Susceptible, standard dosing regimen: A microorganism is categorized as "Susceptible, standard dosing regimen", when there is a high likelihood of therapeutic success using a standard dosing regimen of the agent.

 

I - Susceptible, increased exposure*: A microorganism is categorized as "Susceptible, Increased exposure*" when there is a high likelihood of therapeutic success because exposure to the agent is increased by adjusting the dosing regimen or by its concentration at the site of infection.

 

R - Resistant: A microorganism is categorized as "Resistant" when there is a high likelihood of therapeutic failure even when there is increased exposure*.

 

*Exposure is a function of how the mode of administration, dose, dosing interval, infusion time, as well as distribution and excretion of the antimicrobial agent will influence the infecting organism at the site of infection.(The European Committee on Antimicrobial Susceptibility Testing. Breakpoint tables for interpretation of MICs and zone diameters. v11.0, 2021. Available at www.eucast.org)

Day(s) Performed

Monday through Sunday

Report Available

7 to 28 days

Performing Laboratory

Mayo Clinic Laboratories in Rochester

Test Classification

This test has been cleared, approved, or is exempt by the US Food and Drug Administration and is used per manufacturer's instructions. Performance characteristics were verified by Mayo Clinic in a manner consistent with CLIA requirements.

CPT Code Information

87081-Helicobacter pylori culture

87077-Bacteria identification (if appropriate)

87153-Aerobe Ident by Sequencing (if appropriate)

87176-Tissue processing (if appropriate)

87181-Susceptibility per drug and per organism for drugs not in routine battery (if appropriate)

87186-Antimicrobial Susceptibility, Aerobic Bacteria, MIC-per organism for routine battery (if appropriate)

87150-H pylori + Clarithro Resistance PCR (if appropriate)

LOINC Code Information

Test ID Test Order Name Order LOINC Value
HELIS Helicobacter pylori Culture + Susc 587-6

 

Result ID Test Result Name Result LOINC Value
HELIS Helicobacter pylori Culture + Susc 587-6